HPV is a common virus that affects both males and females, which is passed from person to person through sexual contact. HPV can stay in the body for years, causing changes to cells that can lead to a wide range of HPV-related cancers and other serious diseases.
HPV is a highly contagious virus that is transmitted through different forms of sexual contact.
How serious a risk is HPV?
There are many different types of HPV which target different parts of the body. Approximately 40 types of HPV affect the genital area and spread from person to person through sexual contact. HPV types 16 and 18 are the most common causes of HPV-related cancers. HPV can cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, some head and neck cancers, and genital warts. Types 16 and 18 cause up to 80 per cent of cervical cancer in females and 90 per cent of HPV-related cancers in males. Types 6 and 11 cause approximately 95 per cent of genital warts.